Mongolia

Biodiversity and Adaptation to Climate Change Project (BACCP)


With a territory four and a half times that of Germany and a citizenry of about three million, Mongolia ranks among the least densely populated countries of the world. Nonetheless, her natural resources have come under threat by a complex mixture of unsustainable use (overgrazing, illegal logging, poaching), forest fires exacerbated, if not caused by weak forest management, and inadequate management of protected areas. Climate change effects compound the problem.

The German Government has a long record of supporting biodiversity conservation and adaptation to climate change in Mongolia. Presently a major comprehensive cooperation programme has been set on track, which consists of complementary modules of technical as well as financial cooperation. Its prime target group is the local population at and around conservation areas. Partners are the Ministry of Environment and Tourism, state protected areas, communal protected areas and eco corridors. The ECO Consult/GITEC consortium is implementing consultant to the FC module, under commission by KfW Development Bank.

The project applies an interlocking approach; it aims to promote climate-sensitive protected area management in selected ecologically significant areas. This is to be achieved through enhanced management and business planning, institution building and capacity development. At the same time it strives to improve and stabilize the livelihood conditions of resource-dependent fringe communities and the local population at large. Formalizing co-management arrangements, and promoting sustainable/pro-poor investment are means to this end.

In 2018/19, ECO Consult was charged with the Project Preparation Consultancy (PPC), geared towards laying the groundwork for a new, landscape-based and integrated approach to biodiversity conservation. What has become known as the "Cluster Approach" denotes the promotion of connectivity between PAs by means of ecological corridors to enable safe seasonal migration of key wildlife species. The new BACCP II/III project, tendered out in the autumn of 2019 by KfW and the Ministry of Environment, MET, aims to implement the Cluster Approach on a grand scale – equally addressing the livelihoods and access-/use-rights of rural (often semi-nomadic) communities dependent on natural resources. A broad and inter-disciplinary team of experts led by ECO Consult now continues to support implementation of BACCP I during its final stages until early 2020 and guide the subsequent phase of BACCP II/III for a period of seven years.

Time span
2014 – 2020

Commissioning body           
Mongolian Ministry of Environment and Tourism

Cooperation partner
GITEC-IGIP


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