Programme for the promotion of renewable energies, energy efficiency and access to energy services (PERACOD) – Component: Participatory Forest Management

Wood and charcoal still furnish the most important household energy - i.e. cooking energy - for more than four-fifths of the Senegalese population. At the same time Senegal’s forest resources are subjected to high pressure. Especially in the northern and central parts of the country they are becoming scarce.

Managed by the ECO, the program component "Participatory Forest Management" of the PERACOD program by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH makes a significant contribution to the sustainable supply of cooking energy and to the conservation of the resource.

The effectiveness of the approach, which had been developed in cooperation with local experts, was tested in several pilot forests. Today, a total of almost 500 men and women manage the forests on their own, thereby sustaining their livelihoods to a significant degree.

Often, the production and trade of timber and other forest products is one of only a few opportunities to earn money in the rural area and finance the education of children, medical expenses or necessary purchases. The project thus contributes very significantly to the fight against rural exodus.

The excellent results in the pilot zones have led four Senegalese regions to approach the PERACOD program and to jointly develop a strategy for upscaling the approach at regional level. In unprecedented cooperation, PERACOD/ ECO, the region, and the regional Forest Service engage for the expansion of cultivated areas and for accompanying measures (training, dissemination of energy-saving stoves, etc.). Thus, additional partners and external funding to implement the "regional action plans" could already be won, which are needed in the initial phase, up to the point of break-even of the management system.

As it were, Senegal has now achieved a degree of decentralized management of its forest resources rare in the francophone and African context. This has also found much attention in the neighboring countries.

Today, about 25,000 hectares of forest are managed in a participatory manner, and management is being prepared for another 40,000 ha. Even though first additional financing schemes are secured, the alpha and omega of successful upscaling will be the development of additional sources of funding and a further empowerment of local authorities in the areas of financial management, control, and monitoring.
At the same time the program makes an important contribution to the modernization and professionalization of the value chain by means of targeted training measures in production and marketing for local stakeholders.

Thanks to an excellent cooperation with the National Forestry Directorate the project accompanies important reform processes and supports the Directorate specifically in the harmonization of methods (e.g, forest inventory) and the development of the national forest directives. The present challenge lies in putting these directives into force, which would accelerate the creation of forest management plans and, in the next instance, also regional upscaling: This will be one project’s further need for action.

• Forest management plans for altogether 40,000 ha of forests are established, along with legal preconditions for community forestry. The assets are successfully managed by the residents in over 100 viallages, who draw additional income from their work.
• Management committees have been capacitated.
• Individual craftsmen and cooperatives have been trained for the production of energy saving cookstoves. 72,000 improved stoves have been disseminated since 2007, saving a total of 100,000 t wood per year. The cost for fuel saved by any users of an improved stove adds to around 100 EUR per year.
• Residues are used for charcoal production.
• Value chains are improved, i.a. by means of a standardized internal monitoring system.

Upscaling of the approach is being discussed, on the basis of spatial information and databases which have been integrated in regional and national planning.

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Time span
2011 – 2015        

Commissioning body           
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

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