Mali

Sustainable Small-Irrigation Agriculture Programme (PASSIP)  


Political crisis since 2012 left the country's rural population ever more vulnerable to food insecurity and dependend on foreign agricultural imports. Decreasing soil fertility threatens subsistence farming; efforts to regenerate agricultural areas suffered a backlash. In this context the joint FC/TC programme worked to recover livelihood subsistence for small farmers through increased agricultural productivity and assisted to evolving subsistence farming towards more market-oriented agriculture, in the long run.

One intervention area of technical support was strengthening the country's large-scale irrigation schemes, which started in the framework of existing master plans. Also, sustainable and profitable small-scale irrigation agriculture was endorsed. Related activities were infrastructure improvement, erosion control, advice to the valuation of the irrigation sites and capacity development for government institutions, service providers and target groups. Farmers yet needed more knowledge and investment capital for the establishment of a modern and profitable irrigation agriculture.

The programme was anchored with Mali's Poverty Reducation Strategy, CSCRP, of 2012-2017 and the National Programme for Small-scale Irrigation, PNIP. German EZ had been supporting Mali's irrigation infrastructure and its utilization from the 1990ies.

Results attained:

  • Over 3,000 producers (60 per cent women) were trained in improved techniques of rice and vegetable cultivation, post-harvest technology, agricultural entrepreneurship and in the processing and marketing of agricultural products.

  • Over 90 per cent of the irrigation systems set up in the Inner Niger Delta are now cultivated intensively by small family farms. Since switching from the traditional farming methods, the farmers have been able to triple their rice yield and have maintained a stable yield level averaging 5.8 tonnes per hectare, even during the political crisis in 2012–2013.

  • Onions and shallots are cultivated on the irrigable land around the micro-dams that have been built in Dogon County. They have achieved an excellent average yield of 27 tonnes per hectare per year.

  • In Bélédougou, the farmers have quadrupled the rice yield on their irrigation plots around the micro-dams and river weirs to 4 tonnes per hectare. The tomato yield is very high at between 26 and 32 tonnes per hectare.

Time span
2014 – 2016      

Commissioning body           
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Cooperation partner
AFC


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