From left: Decentral administration, laws and regulations as well as market mechanisms need to be strenghthened or adjusted in order to modernise the biomass energy value chain. Selling spots for "green charcoal" ("Charbon vert") have been established as one part of it. Afforestation is continued in the communities.


German-Malagasy Sustainable Management of the Environment Programme (PAGE) – Component: Expansion and professionalisation of the biomass energy value chain

After seven years of implementation of components of the German-Malagasy Environmental programme (PGM-E) ECO Consult took charge of the working line "Expansion and professionalisation of the biomass energy value chain" of PGM-E's successor programme "Programme d’appui à la gestion de l’environnement" (PAGE). In the same intervention areas, of Boeny, DIANA and Atsimo-Andrefana stakeholders and public services all along the wood energy value chain were equiped and capacitated to take over responsibilities related to the conservation and valuation of natural resources. Among the target groups were local user groups working in reforestation zones, charcoal producers and retailers of sustainably produced, 'green' charcoal.

The PAGE programme took up and continued the promising development of national energy reserves in the form of plantations while taking the pressure off the country's remaining natural forests. This was facilitated through pacemaking reforms now widely known under the name of "village-based individual afforestation" (see several publications, on the right).

Starting from past progress in the technical advise to modernize regional biomass energy value chains and their parallel institutionalisation in the intervention regions, the project disseminated and further professionalised the approach. To this end, the political, institutional and legal frameworks were aligned and strenghthened.

Activities were aligned with Madagascar's National Development Plan (PND) and harmonised with the PND's implementation parties on ground, with the regions as the primary driving force.  

For previous activities under the PGM-E click here

Time span
2015 – 2016     

Commissioning body           
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

RVI in detail

In a compendium of issue papers ECO Consult highlights aspects of, among others, the successful community reforestation approach in Madagascar that was practised in the frame of the PGM-E/GIZ and now PAGE/GIZ (see main article, left). Standard prerequisites and principles that must be observed to avoid adverse effects are sketched in Issue Paper No 02. (PDF, 322 KB)

RVI: Insights into a groundbreaking approach

Afforestation measures were tested for decades, in Madagascar. But only the novel approach of community reforestation ("Reboisement villageois individuel, RVI") managed to save huge parts of devastated land from erosion. The approach and lessons are summarized in: "Le Reboisement villageois individuel: Leçons apprises du projet GREEN-Mad, Madagascar" (PDF, 4.62 MB)

Publication on the project

Impacts and accounts from the context of the programme were compiled by GIZ in the booklet: "Entre fourneaux et esprits de la forêt – La protection de la nature entre efficience énergétique et vieilles traditions: Des idées venues de Madagascar" (part of the series "La durabilité et ses différents visages"). Download here (French PDF, 4.9 MB/ German PDF, 4.9 MB)

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