Biodiversity and Adaptation to Climate Change Project (BACCP)

With a territory four and a half times that of Germany and a citizenry of about three million, Mongolia ranks among the least densely populated countries of the world. Nonetheless, her natural resources have come under threat by a complex mixture of unsustainable use (overgrazing, illegal logging, poaching), forest fires exacerbated, if not caused by weak forest management, and inadequate management of protected areas. Climate change effects compound the problem.

The German Government has a long record of supporting biodiversity conservation and adaptation to climate change in Mongolia. Presently a major comprehensive cooperation programme has been set on track, which consists of complementary modules of technical as well as financial cooperation. Its prime target group is the local population at and around conservation areas. Partners are the Ministry of Environment and Tourism, state protected areas, communal protected areas and eco corridors. ECO Consult is implementing consultant to the FC module, under commission by KfW Development Bank.

The project applies an interlocking approach; it aims to promote climate-sensitive protected area management in selected ecologically significant areas. This is to be achieved through enhanced management and business planning, institution building and capacity development. At the same time the project strives to improve and stabilize the livelihood conditions of fringe resource-dependent fringe communities and the local population at large. Formalizing co-management arrangements, and promoting sustainable/pro-poor investment are means to this end.

Time span
2014 – 2020

Commissioning body           
Mongolian Ministry of Environment and Tourism

Cooperation partner