Soil protection and rehabilitation for improved food security (ProSol)

Rehabilitation of degraded soils, most recently embedded in approaches of sustainable landscape management, has long been part of German TC with Madagascar, from international to subnational levels. A number of bilateral projects, several of them co-developed by ECO Consult, have contributed to the restoration of soil fertlity along innovative intervention lines

The implementation experience gathered, against the backdrop of a further diversifying global environmental regime, now makes it possible to outscale the previously largely isolated model projects and spur reforms on a broader, institutional scale. Advances in soil protection gain momentum in Madagascar through a number of national initiatives, several of which co-facilitated by ECO Consult:

  • A pilot country of the African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative (AFR100) since 2015, Madagascar plans to rehabilitate 4 million hectares of soil by 2030.

  • Since 2015, the country's national development planning comprises a national action plan to combat desertification; the National Agricultural Strategy has designated measures for the sustainable use of water catchment areas.

  • A modern rural land law was adopted that is in tune with the 2012 UN Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT) as globally recognized reference for the establishment and implementation of land law aspects at national level. In the frame of ProPFR (Responsible Land Policy Project) ECO Consult and Land Resources currently work to put the national land policy into practice, including the compilation of systematic land inventory protocols.

  • The Malagasy-German Environmental Program (PGM-E) has helped develop a National Forest Landscape and Green Infrastructure Restoration Strategy (Stratégie Nationale sur la Restoration des Paysages Forestiers et Infrastructures Vertes, SNRPF).

  • A national action plan has specified NDCs for implementing the UNFCCC from the agricultural sector — including Climate-Smart Agriculture and Conservation Agriculture.

  • In order to achieve the Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) Targets set out in the 2030 Agenda, development of a national land strategy is underway. Donor-supported working groups and platforms have already been established at the Ministries of Agriculture and Environment.

  • A development fund set up with the EU (Fonds de Developpement Agricole, FDA) grants small agricultural loans.

Catering for one line of action of the global project "Soil conservation and soil rehabilitation for food security", ECO Consult is now working together with GIZ to make the approaches effective on a wider scale. The region of
Boeny — well-established target area of several of ECO's operations as yet — offers great potential to this end. Here, in the northwest of the country, land use data and existing spatial plans are used to restore landscapes in an integrated approach, including farmland, pastures and gallery forests. The physical, vegetative and/or agronomic measures — depending on the location — help strengthen the the local population's self-help capacities.

ield measures in land rehabilitation, and a parallel improvement of the institutional framework work towards an utmost structural, broad-based impact. In Madagascar that has already lost a third of its fertile soil due to non-adapted farming and household fuel extraction, and in which every second toddler is delayed in growth for reasons of chronic malnutrition, agricultural policy as well as bilateral and multilateral donor interventions are motivated to look for more sustainable productivity increases instead of short-term agricultural turnouts.

The program is part of the multi-country Special Initiative of the BMZ "One World without Hunger" (SEWOH) that aims to make a significant contribution to reducing poverty and hunger by strengthening food security through soil conservation and sustainable land use.

Time span
2018 – 2022   

Commissioning body           
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

In cooperation with
GOPA Consultants

Individual land titles help combat land degradation

ECO Consult has assisted the transfer of use rights on several hundred thousands of hectares of previously state owned forests to private user groups. Out of various schemes, RVI (individual community-based afforestation) has proven a particularly interesting model in an African context. At UNCCD COP 11, in Windhoek Dr. Steve Sepp presented results from Madagascar. More...

Your contact:

Dr. Steve Sepp