From left: Afforestation for bio-energy reserves remains a core activity of the bilateral programme. Ever more farmers are supposed to receive land titles and be able to take part in income generation from planted forests. At the end of the value chain, biomass utilization becomes more efficient through the use of improved stoves.



German-Malagasy Sustainable Management of the Environment Programme (PAGE) – Component: Professionalisation and dissemination of biomass energy value chain-related aspects

The programme aims to improve the protection and sustainable use of resources on behalf of increased climate resilience in and around protected areas. On this way, the foremost challenges remain to contain hitherto uncontrolled logging in natural forests for charcoal production, and to enable people to take over responsibilities related to the conservation and valuation of natural resources. Plantations contribute to the production of 'green'  charcoal and help expand and safeguard the stock of 'energy forests'. 

In its current phase the PGM-E's successor programme "Programme d'appui à la gestion de l'environnement" (PAGE) works towards outscaling the activities of charcoal value chain improvement, as afforestation lots are gradually being extended to neighbouring regions.

Dissemination of the 'green' charcoal approach – i.e. charcoal exclusively gained from eucalypt plantations, hence more sustainably –, and the introduction of improved stoves will go hand in hand with endeavours to restore previously forested landscapes.

In pursuit of the regional strategies "Vision 2030" of DIANA and Boeny the gradual introduction of ever more efficient kiln technologies and strenghthening of local wood energy markets will be continued. Other intervention regions of the current phase are Atsimo-Andrefana and Analamanga. The "Plans Régionaux en Energie de Biomasse" (regional biomass energy plans) will be monitored and updated. 

With a view to long-lasting impacts, people's ownership needs to be endorsed in the process. This is done through capacitation of stakeholders and public services all along the wood energy value chain – such as local user groups in reforestation zones, charcoal producers and charcoal retailers – and by adjusting information campaigns. 

Activities are aligned with Madagascar's National Development Plan (PND) and harmonised with the PND's implementation parties on ground, with the regions as primary driving force and leaders.

Time span
2017 – 2018 (current phase)     

Commissioning body           
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

RVI in detail

In a compendium of issue papers ECO Consult highlights aspects of, among others, the successful community reforestation approach in Madagascar that was practised in the frame of the PGM-E and now PAGE. Standard prerequisites and principles that must be observed to avoid adverse effects are sketched in Issue Paper No 02. (PDF, 4.5 MB)

Individual land titles help combat land degradation

ECO Consult has assisted the transfer of use rights on several hundred thousands of hectares of previously state owned forests to private user groups. Out of various schemes, RVI (individual community-based afforestation) has proven a particularly interesting model in an African context. At UNCCD COP 11, in Windhoek Dr. Steve Sepp presented results from Madagascar. More...

Publication on the project

Impacts and accounts from the context of the programme were compiled by GIZ in the booklet: "Entre fourneaux et esprits de la forêt – La protection de la nature entre efficience énergétique et vieilles traditions: Des idées venues de Madagascar" (part of the series "La durabilité et ses différents visages"). Download here (French PDF, 4.9 MB/ German PDF, 4.9 MB)

Your contact:

Dr. Steve Sepp