Chad

Decentralized Rural Development Programme (PDRD)

 


The PDRD (Programme de développement rural décentralisé) was conceived as a response to the decreasing availability of natural resources in two regions of the Republic of Chad. In Eastern Chad, rural subsistence economies are threatened by highly variable rainfall together with recent civil war and mass flight. In the Southwestern parts of the country, rising population pressure and extensive agriculture exceed the ecosystem's bearing capacities. Deforestation, overfishing, decreasing soil fertility and loss of biodiversity are grave problems in the intervention areas.

In a tightly coordinated programme, GIZ (formerly GTZ and DED) and the German KfW Development Bank have, until 2011, supported the population’s capacities to cope with the related social and economic transformation processes. To this end, the programme had integrated several previous ODA interventions in the region from 2006 – among others the projects implemented by ECO Consult, PRODALKA and PRODABO.

To help people organise themselves and take an active role in planning and financing their future social and economic development ECO Consult together with our partners from AFC and IRAM have cooperated with the Ministry for Economy and Cooperation (Ministère de l'Economie, du Plan et de la Coopération, MEPC) and the rural populations in
- local and regional land use planning
- establishing and administrating infrastructure financed by a decentral fund that was furnished by German Financial Cooperation
- setting up and controlling local management and conservation guidelines
- testing new approaches to sustainable natural resources management (crop fields, pastures, lakes, forests).

The programme, initially scheduled until 2016, was prematurely terminated due to political deliberations. Nevertheless, several results were achieved, with promising perspectives for the population in the regions of Mayo-Kebbi and Ouaddai-Biltine:

• In an area of 1.5 million inhabitants functioning local development plans and development committees are in place.

• Social and economic infrastructure has increased by 328 buildings – such as schools, public health centers, communal savings banks, storage buldings, water retention dams etc. They are administrated by specially trained managements committees.

• A total of 84 managament guidelines have been elaborated for the management and conservation of natural resources. They cover an area of 700,000 hectares. Local organisations were capacitated to oversee their implementation and to prevent e.g. bush fires.

• Over 3,000 farmers were trained in sustainable crop and cattle production, in the processing of harvests and in a more rational utilization of household energy.

• 90% of the farmers involved in the programme have increased thier incomes with the help of trainings and improved resources management.

• Close to all children can now get enrolled in a 9-month-year of school. Rates of school attendance have significantly risen, especially for girls.

• From a previous 14,000 inhabitants per health service center, the figure has decreased to 9,000 capita per health service center.

• Degradation has slowed down. 23% of the Mayo Kebbi area is effectively protected through local organisations. In 2010, after 15 years of support, Sena Oura National Park has been established with an area of 73,520 hectares.

Joint planning was the basis for co-ordinated spacial development.

• Fish harvests more than doubled in the lakes of Mayo Kebbi by way of a better management; the repoductive capacities have been protected at the same time.

Impressions from the project area and project work: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w1AKRmMpTiw

Time span
2006 – 2011       

Commissioning body           
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH